Sunday, August 2, 2015


Wisdom is not just about knowledge, it is also an attitude that we can never be certain about anything and that there is always more to learn.

This is also the spirit of scientific enquiry.

This attitude strongly suggests humility in the pursuit of all learning. An attitude which, unfortunately, many scientists and religious disciples seem to lack.

Neither scientists nor disciples can be certain of anything. As such, absolute certainty of faith in the existence or non-existence of God, or in any finding or theory (such as evolution), is impossible.

Likewise, the truth of any thought, testimony, observation, idea or scripture should always be subject to evaluation, interpretation, and replacement if better knowledge should come to light by discovery through observation, thought or divine inspiration.

And if an explanation, observation, idea or revelation doesn't seem right or doesn't fully explain what it seeks to, then it is ripe for replacement by an improved, more expansive and more correct explanation, observation, idea or revelation.


Saturday, August 1, 2015


I'm not looking for certainty through faith, I'm looking for certainty through knowledge. An unending search, as our stock of knowledge is always growing and changing. But that's the way I like it.


Saturday, May 23, 2015

Ancient DNA pinpoints Paleolithic liaison in Europe

Ancient DNA pinpoints Paleolithic liaison in Europe
Ann Gibbons

A young man who lived in Romania 37,000 to 42,000 years inherited as much as one-tenth of his DNA from a Neandertal ancestor, according to a new study of ancient DNA.

Ever since spelunkers found a robust jawbone in a cave in Romania in 2002, some paleoanthropologists have thought that its huge wisdom teeth and other features resembled those of Neandertals even though the fossil was a modern human. Now, by sequencing informative parts of the Romanian man's genome, an international team of researchers has found that he had inherited 4.8% to 11.3% of his genome from a Neandertal who lived only 200 years or so previously, according to a talk this month at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York.

The finding confirms that Neandertals interbred with modern humans more than once, and it is the first evidence that the two types of humans had a liaison in Europe.